Sponge Painting Techniques:
Ideas and Examples

Sponge painting techniques can be done using a natural marine sponge or a regular kitchen sponge, in contrasting or subtle color combinations, and in various sheen and transparency levels.

As you will see below, there are several ways to apply or remove glaze with a sponge and create a unique look and feel.

How can the same sponge painting technique (whether positive or negative) look so different?

It's all in the execution - the way you work the sponge, your choice of colors and how you layer them, and your actual glazing recipe.

NOTE: need instructions for the sponge painting techniques below? Then see the tutorials "How to Sponge Paint On" and "How to Sponge Paint Off" for detailed how-tos.

Not Your Mother's
Paint Sponging

Sponge painting techniques can look dated, modern or timeless

Do you still think of sponge painting as those jarring, overdone finishes from decades ago?

Fortunately, sponging has come a long way since the 1980s when high contrast in colors and heavy application was all the rage.

These days, successful sponged finishes require a lighter hand and more subtle, well thought-out color combinations.

Mind you, the effect can still be very impressive and dramatic if that's what you want (the proof is in the pictures below), but when it's done in earthy and closely related colors, the result looks not only more organic, but also timeless... less forced, don't you agree?

43 Examples of
Sponge Painting Techniques

...by application

This positive sponging finish coordinates well with the upholstery colors

The photo above is an example of basic sponging on.

Notice how the juxtaposition of the speckled wall finish and the striped furniture here is similar to how various prints are effectively combined in decorating.

The color of the glaze repeats the colors of the upholstery stripes, pulling the space together with one common denominator.

Sponged off finish in colors echoing the decor

And this is what sponging off looks like.

Here in this living room, a bold orange color glaze was applied and then lifted off from the yellow painted background, using a sea sponge.

Both colors were clearly taken from the existing decor elements, for a dramatic but unified effect.

Contrasting sponged on effect in pastel and medium purple

Because of the speckled nature of the additive sponging finish, it can easily overwhelm a space, if done in a contrasting combination.

But these lilac walls show that you can make sponging work even in an already lively decor, if the contrast is kept low between the base and glaze color(s).

Contrasting negative sponging in Tuscany-inspired colors

Subtractive sponging, on the other hand, can usually handle much more contrast without looking busy - that is due to its softer, cloud-like texture.

In fact, sponging off actually requires that there be a bit more difference between the base coat and glaze colors than for sponging on - not enough contrast, and the finish will be invisible.

Subtle additive sponged on finish in tone-on-tone colors

And here's an example of subtle additive sponging - a moderate yellow color was applied over a pastel yellow base coat.

The beauty of low-contrast sponging applications comes from the textured effect they create, not from the actual color combination. The result is a graceful finish that will look relevant for a long time.

Subtle effect of sponging off in cream and gold

Sponging off can be done in a low-contrast palette, also - as long as you can still see some difference between the shades once they are overlaid (test the combination on a cardboard first).

Depending on the colors used for the technique, the result can often resemble soft suede texture or an old-fashioned lime-washed finish.

In the picture above, the walls look very much like old plaster, and the country-style, rustic decor is reinforcing the painted effect.

Dense sponged on finish on dining room walls

As a guideline, remember that the denser and more structured the sponging pattern, the more formal and traditional it will look - similar to wallpaper.

So if you like wallpaper, consider this application instead - unlike the real thing (which is a pain to remove), when you get tired of the look, all you'll need to do is simply paint over it with a solid color.

Densely sponged off effect resembling stippling

Subtractive sponging can be done densely as well - here an oil-based, moss green glaze was lifted off a cream colored wall, using the tips of a grass sea sponge, and rinsing it often to keep the imprints crisp.

The effect of this particular sponge painting technique resembles additive sponging in some ways, with a finish that looks slightly crunchy but without the dotted pattern typical of sponging on.

Loose sponging creates a painterly effect

The more open and loose the pattern, on the other hand, the more laid back, painterly and even whimsical the final effect will be - just like in this bedroom example where a sponge was used in a scattered manner over the previously colorwashed surface.

Example of negative loose sponging in white and yellow

... and the same is true for sponging off.

See how much more casual this sparse pattern looks, compared to the moss green example shown earlier?

With paint sponging, you can imitate the look of texture

Positive sponging is also a great and easy way to create an illusion of stone texture on a smooth surface.

In fact, the faux granite painting technique is done by using a simple three-color sponging process finished with some spattering.

That's exactly how the flat wall boards above were made to look like rough stone tiles.

Paint sponging can also be done over existing texture

But sponging also works over an existing wall texture, like in this example - where a stucco wall was sponged off in 1 color, to play up the roughness and create an even bolder mottled finish.

...by room

Structured sponged on finish on the kitchen walls

Sponge painting techniques are appropriate for any room in your house - with modifications, the result can be as formal or as playful as you like, and anything in between.

The kitchen walls above were done with a grass sea sponge (thus the discernable repeating imprint pattern) - the dense and structured finish resembles textured wallpaper with a fitting rye field-like design.


Loose and random sponged off finish in the kitchen

This kitchen finish looks more dramatic because it was sponged off in random sections, with longer wait times than is usual for subtractive techniques.

As a result, this method created slightly dried edges and coarser texture that give more depth and character to the finish.

Sponging on can be further enhanced with stamps, stencils or hand-painted designs

The low-contrast sponged on wall finish above makes a perfect backdrop for this pretty, welcome look - it's the soft terra-cotta colors that give this effect, and the hand-painted wisteria adds a bit of whimsy and old-fashioned charm.

In daylight, this dining room is fresh and sunny, but in the evening, with the right lighting, the room takes on an intimate, romantic glow.

Sponging off is appropriate even for formal spaces

Decorative paint finishes hold pride of place in a traditional room, and make a fresh alternative to wallpapers - like in this formal dining room that was sponged off in a tone-on-tone color combination.

You can layer colored glazes to build drama, depth and "history", as they allow you to use even strong colors without the heaviness of a solid surface of opaque paint.

Fireplace wall with a sponged on paint finish

As you can see, sponge painting works well in most settings - the final effect depends on how glaze is applied and the colors chosen.

In this living room, the walls were sponged on in different shades of yellow - the finish contrasts well with the white of the millwork.

Sponging off adds even more drama to this already impressive living room

The paint and glaze colors used in this living room are very similar to the previous example, but the final result is "quieter", because the glaze was sponged off instead.

Shabby chic bedroom walls enhanced with a simple sponged on finish

The light-over-dark color application used in sponge painting this country-style bedroom makes the finish look chalky - usually not desirable, but here it's a perfect fit for the shabby chic decor.

Sponging off in green adds an element of whimsy to this bedroom

Here, the sponged off wall finish echoes the soft fabric textures used in this bedroom, and blends in beautifully with the craftsy decor. 

Sponged on paint on these bathroom walls imitates natural stone

It takes several layers of tone-on-tone, multi-sheen glazes (applied randomly using different semi-dry sponges) to achieve such a gorgeous sponged on finish.

Truly, now this master bathroom is fit for a queen!

These sponged off walls resemble the softness of suede

While not as dramatic as the previous example, this sponged off finish resembles the soft mottled texture of suede, and envelopes this powder room in a layer of warmth and cozy.

Girly bedroom decorated with a sponged on finish done with a kitchen sponge

And here's an example of using a regular kitchen sponge in decorative painting.

In this baby girl nursery, a semi-dry sponge was lightly pressed all over the bottom part of the walls, creating a very smart and practical finish that will hide many stains, scratches and fingerprints of the first few years.

Flamboyant sponged off finish in a teen's bedroom, done in a Caribbean color scheme

All the decorating rules have been broken in this young den, but to a great, funky effect.

The stucco walls were sponged off with some really vivid colors - orange, pink, green, violet, blue - that fill the space with a warm and flamboyant Caribbean spirit.

Sponged off foyer walls in shades of gold, decorated with stencil designs

An entry hall with a decorative painted finish makes a big impression upon entering a home.

Here, several layers of the same color glaze (diluted differently) were loosely sponged on to add depth and create a finish that look rich, rather than busy.

Sponging off can work in many decorating styles

The look of sponge painting techniques can be easily customized to satisfy any taste, and adapted to suit any decorating situation - from Italian to Mexican, from traditional to contemporary styles.

It's all about what colors you choose, how many of them you combine in a finish and what method you use to layer them.

On the hallway wall here, the sponged off finish leaves the illusion of a slightly uneven or aged surface, which intensifies the room's rustic feeling.

...by surface

Sponged on foyer ceiling and crown molding in yellow and brown

Sponge painting techniques are suitable for any flat, relief-free surface - including ceilings and plain furniture.

This vestibule ceiling has been sponged in brown over yellow to complement the walls, then finished off with some spattering to imitate stone. 

Rather than paint the moldings separately, the decorator chose to make fewer breaks in this small space and carried the painted effect over the moldings to create continuity.

Dramatic sponged off effect in night-sky inspired colors

Paint and glaze were used to create this outer space-inspired finish as well.

Several layers of sponged off glaze in multiple colors gave this bedroom ceiling a deep translucent quality that could never be achieved with undiluted paint.

Paint sponging can even be done on doors

The panels of this door have been sponged on in a fairly casual manner, as if an afterthought, playing up the relaxed vibe of the room. 

But to contain and balance the looser finish of the inner panels, the  outer parts of the door and frame were color wiped in the same yellow.

Example of sponge painting on furniture

And here's a great example of using sponge painting to transform an old and boring piece of furniture into something worth talking about.

With some paint leftovers, stencils and out-of-the-box creativity, this flea market find has been turned into a real show stopper!

Sponging is a great way to imitate expensive materials like granite

Basic sponge painting techniques let you not only easily imitate granite tiles on the walls, but also transform plain shaft pillars, laminate countertops, dated vanities and tabletops into convincing stone finishes.

It's a much cheaper alternative to installing the real thing and, with proper surface preparation and a quality sealer, will last for quite a few years.

With sponge painting, you can transform old, boring floor tile

Paint sponging techniques can be used on the outside, too.

Here, a plain concrete, painted deck has been taped off to create a tiled look, sponged in terra-cotta colors and then top-coated with a heavy-duty sealer for protection and durability.

The result is a much warmer and cozier sitting area.

Sponge painting also lets you create the look of tile even on a linoleum floor

And this is the same idea implemented inside a home - a number of different organic colors were used to create this realistic look on the hallway floor.

...by design

Accent wall with a subtle sponged on finish, repeating the colors of wall art

Sometimes less is more, and there is no need to sponge paint an entire room when a single wall (or even a smaller section) can create the effect you want - it all depends on your decorating goals and vision for the room.

In this photo, an accent wall was created with subtle sponging - the translucent imprints echo the earthy colors of the artwork and help anchor the focal point.

The low-contrast sponged on finish is a background player: it's there to just give a boost of color, texture and interest, but not create much drama or compete for attention.

Sponged off dining room with one wall a darker brown color

When art and/or furniture are the focal points in a room, the wall color and finish should play a supporting role and create a complementing background for the real stars of the show to shine.

Here, the understated sponged off finish does just that - it enhances, rather than overwhelms the decor.

But notice how the feature wall in this example is created by using a slightly different color, while keeping the same finish as the rest of the walls (the deeper shade of brown sets a direction and draws the eye to the painting the decorator deemed most important in the room).

The wall under the chair rail accented with paint sponging, done in sections

Tone-on-tone, subtle sponged finishes make an excellent backdrop for casually elegant interiors and furnishings.

But to add a unique twist to the timeless look, the bottom part of these hallway walls has been taped off in a diamond pattern and then sponged off with a glaze tinted a deeper shade of yellow than the base color, creating an interesting yet still restful effect.

Wall stripes with a sponged on finish in tone on tone colors

Sponged wall stripes? Why not!

Here, 2 adjoining colors from the same paint card were used to create this hand-painted interpretation of classic, striped wallpaper.

The stripes set a traditional, welcoming tone for this entry, while the faded finish contributes a quiet background that works with a variety of fabrics and textures.

Sponged off walls stripes in a bathroom, in shades of green

In this example, the subtle tonal variations of the sponged off finish combined with the timeless pattern create an even more complex, sophisticated striping effect.

The walls are sponged off in their entirety, but the 2 widths of stripes are set off in different shades of faded green.

Sometimes a single band of sponged on color is enough to add interest to a room

One really minimalist approach is to simply sponge paint a wall border

You have many options when it comes to actual execution - the border can be placed at the top or in the middle of the walls, it can be traditionally straight, diagonal or zig-zag shaped, with clean or feathered edges and so on.

Faux painted brick created with a kitchen sponge

Now here's a really smart sponge painting application and a fun way to create an impressive imitation of a brick wall.

All you need to produce this effect is a few large household sponges (so that the imprints don't all look the same) and some brick colored paint (undiluted - you want it to be thick).

This technique works great as an all-over finish, on a single wall or even just around a fireplace.

Fireplace brick wall enhanced with subtle paint sponging

But sponging can be used over existing brick as well, as shown here - the painted brick has been partially sponged off for a more stylized effect.

Bathroom walls stamped with a kitchen sponge to imitate tile

And here's one more example of sponging used as stamping.

In addition to the interesting texture and color play it creates, the finish resembles tiles and so is perfect for decorating the walls in small powder rooms and kitchen backsplashes.

Kitchen backsplash decorated with a sponged on harlequin pattern

These backsplash "tiles" look like they've been stamp painted too, but they were actually created with a regular sea sponge - first by taping off the harlequin pattern and then sponging off select squares.

Sponge Painting Ideas
From Our Visitors:

Here are some more examples of different sponge painting techniques - these DIY projects have been submitted by our readers like you.

So enjoy the ideas, get inspired and don't forget to leave a comment!

And if you have your own sponge painting project to share, click here and see your name in lights.

Paint Sponging Finish "Faux Brick" on Our Kitchen Backsplash 
This sponging paint finish is done by using a rectangular kitchen sponge, and is very cost efficient. Our kitchen looked terrible before, and the old …

Sponge Painted Bedroom Walls With Orange Accents 
My husband and I sponge painted one of our spare bedrooms. We have never done anything like this before, but it turned out to be a great experience and …

My Faux Paint Sponging Bathroom Project 
After thumbing through a book on faux-finishing methods, I decided to attempt the sponging technique in my hall bathroom. I chose this particular finish …

Sponge Painting Finish on My Bathroom Walls 
When we first moved into our new house, I decided that I did not want a solid wall color in our bathroom, but my husband was adamantly against wallpaper. …

Paint Sponging Finish on My Living Room Walls 
I decided to try paint sponging in my living room because I didn’t want a solid color. I wanted to add a little texture and dimension to the room, rather …

Faux Painting Finish "Sponge Painting" 
I went with sponging because I was redoing this room in my house and installing some natural wood wainscoting on the bottom of the walls. While trying …

Faux Painting Finish "Sponging" in My Bedroom 
About 6 years ago, I acquired the loft bedroom at my parents' house. The walls were a very bland whitish-beige. I hated it. I grew up in the beautiful …

Recommended:
Paint Color Cheat Sheets
Recommended:
Paint Color Cheat Sheets

See Also:

How to Sponge Paint ON the Walls

How to Sponge Paint OFF the Walls

Tips and Tricks for Sponge Painting Walls

Sponge Painting ON and OFF: Ideas and Instructions

HOUSE PAINTING TUTORIALS

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